Swollen, inflamed, gums – practical steps for successful treatment
Few people walk into a dental surgery and say “Doctor, my gums are swollen, help me!” – patients are more likely to mention other symptoms of gingivitis, such as bleeding gums or painful gums. And swollen gums are an important symptom, as well as indicating gingivitis, they also cause aesthetic problems. With the right gum treatment, these problems can be corrected.
Swollen, inflamed gums – how can you spot the symptom?
Sudden swollen, inflamed, painful gums in young children are usually a sign of an oral infection, so it is best to see a paediatrician or paediatric dentist as soon as possible. In adults, sensitive, bleeding, possibly painful to touch, reddish-coloured gums, which may be localised to a single tooth or generalised around all teeth, may occur when brushing. In many cases, there is also an accompanying unpleasant smell in the mouth.
What is the cause of the symptoms?
Gingivitis is caused by bacteria living in plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth. It can also be caused by pathogens that can hide in gaps along the edges of improperly made fillings or crowns, causing ongoing irritation to the gums. Gum swelling can also develop as a result of taking certain antihypertensive drugs (e.g. hydantoin, cyclosporine), other medications, or as a result of diseases such as diabetes, haematological disorders, herpes or chickenpox. The clinical picture of drug-induced gingival swelling is somewhat different from that of non-medicated gingivitis, which can be clarified by a specialist.
How critical is this condition and when should I consult a dentist?
The exact pathology can be determined by the dentist, but it can be said that gum swelling is in most cases due to inflammation. If the swollen, bleeding gums persist despite a few days of thorough and regular brushing, it is worth seeing a dentist.
How can swollen, inflamed gums be treated?
By learning the correct brushing technique We will be happy to share dental hygiene practices with you during a dental hygiene treatment. Incorrect brushing habits are often the cause of swollen gums and bleeding gums. With professional oral hygiene treatment, This is the basis for treating all types of periodontal disease, it should always be the first step. In most cases, a thorough scaling treatment will put an end to swollen, inflamed gums. Antimicrobial photo with dynamic therapy After oral hygiene treatment, a painless and drug-free method of killing resistant pathogens is highly effective. Recommended if you have long-standing problems with swollen, inflamed gums Vector therapy Thorough cleaning and sanding of the gum area under the gums. It is recommended to restore good gum adhesion in cases of moderate to severe periodontal disease Deep cleaning – curettage This treatment is indicated for more severe periodontal disease. In addition to gingival bleeding symptoms, there are severe tartar build-ups and deep pockets of calculus next to the teeth. Deep cleaning is used to remove tartar deposits and inflammatory tissue in the deep pockets. This treatment should be complemented by Vector therapy and laser therapy in most cases. Periodontal laser therapy. This treatment is used for more serious periodontal diseases. In addition to gingival bleeding symptoms, there are severe plaque deposits and deep pockets of calculus next to the teeth. Laser therapy is used to gently remove the inflammatory tissue in the deep pockets and also has a biostimulative effect, promoting regeneration of the periodontal tissues. This treatment should be complemented by Deep Cleaning (curettage) and Vector Therapy in most cases.
What should you do if you have swollen, inflamed gums?
To choose the right treatment, you should first try to find out what is causing the swollen gums in the first place.